Treatment Of Giardiasis In Children

Giardiasis – a common infectious disease among children and adults. Giardiasis is a parasitic disease agents, which are dependent way of life at the expense of the host (humans and some animals). Giardiasis – protozoal infestation, occurring mainly with the defeat of the small intestine and is accompanied by some of the patients allergic and neurological symptoms. Giardiasis (giardiaz) – a disease caused by protozoa – Giardia, parasites in the small intestine, sometimes in the gallbladder. It's simple, class of flagellates. In humans, Giardia occur in two forms – vegetative (active) and cysts (inactive). First pathogen was isolated in 1859 by German scientist Giardia. But so far in the treatment of giardiasis have unresolved issues.

Giardia are responsible for over 20% of acute intestinal diseases. Cases of giardiasis, even in infants. Diet for giardiasis in children. In the body of the child pathogens enter through the mouth. The main channel of transmission of giardiasis is water.

Route of transmission – the fecal-oral. Giardia multiply in the small intestine person very quickly: every 9-12 hours. An adult can select a day to 18 billion cysts. Isolation of cysts occurs every 10-20 days. Cyst (from the Greek kystos-bladder) – is a form of existence of a microbe in a capsule with a dense shell that allows it to transfer various impacts of the environment without any harm to themselves. They are resistant to acids, alkalis, substances with active chlorine. Completely neutralized only by boiling. Getting in organism, the cysts develop into vegetative forms, they appear suckers that cling to the Giardia and the wall of the small intestine. Infection with Giardia can disappear on their own after 6 weeks in good condition immune system and local defense of the intestinal mucosa. In other cases, the presence of Giardia can be asymptomatic for many years. As already mentioned, giardiasis – an infection, it is equally dangerous as an adult and a child.

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