Posts tagged: Education

Human Development

The first years in the life of the human being are decisive for its development. According to Young (2010), it is during first infancy (birth until the 3 years), that the standards of behavior, ability and learning are established. In this phase the brain increases its complexity highly becoming the sensible child the influence of the environment, enabling to learn them it and to remember. (PAPALIA, 2006). Thus, it is in the familiar environment that the child will get its first experiences throughout the vital cycle and that anger to reflect in assertive attitudes or not in the future. Its interests need to be stimulated. The experiences to be learned with the errors will result in diverse answers depending on the received stimulatons front to the different lived deeply experiences, therefore they could simply be restrained ahead of its errors or to be respected how much its way to express itself and thus lead for the desired behavior. The initial years are determinative in the life of the human being how much to its future, as it affirms Young.

The cerebral development in the first years affects the physical and mental health, the learning and the behavior during the life all. What, as and how much the children learn later in the school they depend on social and emotional ability and the cognitivas abilities that they develop in the first years of life. (Young, 2010, p.5). The stages following they are described for Papalia (2006, p.52-53) in the following way: In the second infancy that encloses the age of the 3 to the 6 years, the child already is capable to have logical ideas on the world, although its cognitiva immaturity. They perfect the language and the memory, its intelligence becomes more previsible, however she is self-centered. Between the 6 and 11 years the third infancy is the directed age, the children already is benefited with the pertaining to school education, thus the construction of its thoughts becomes more logical and concrete, increasing the abilities of the memory, the egocentrismo diminishes and the language increases considerably.

Medical Ecology

Medical ecology that considers ambient or partner-cultural 0 variable relating them it the incidences and to the distribution of the illnesses (Buchillet, 1991); 2. It analyzes relations between health agents and the users of the service (Genest, 1978 apud Buchillet, 1991 in the anthropology of the illness and the official systems of health. 3. Dr. Neal Barnard takes a slightly different approach. Study of the practical doctors with the purpose to relate representations of illnesses and its treatment with the culture and social conformation of the population.

(Hughes, 1968apud Buchillet, 1991 in the anthropology of the illness and the official systems of health. . More info: Josyann Abisaab.

William Condor

Mikrovyrazheniya In the 60s of the 20th century psychologist William Condor began to explore the small facial expressions of less than one quarter of a second. He believed that such studies can tell a lot about the hidden feelings. Facial expressions, called mikrovyrazheniyami, so fleeting that people are not even aware of their existence. By studying microfilm duration of 4 seconds and examining it frame by frame, Condor found that these small movements and mikrovyrazheniya can tell a lot about the true state of man. This led to the following research in the field of psychology, in particular imperceptible expressions, again by study videotapes. William Condor wanted to know what people actually hide, putting aside the study of body language and facial expressions long. Also, a lot could reveal the contents and dialogue.

By itself the idea that body language can transmit hidden information is not new. Expression of your face if you proposed to do something you really do not want, you can show your true feelings. But many people able to control the expression of the essential "gesture of the body," especially gestures and facial expressions long. We may smile, but actually do not feel appropriate feelings, or we can refrain from twitching his shoulders, when we enter into someone's messy house. Mikrovyrazheny idea suggests that we can also give a smile or a little to pull the shoulder, but at a fraction of a second. Some people are very good capture and understand these expressions.

Psychologist Paul Ekman, who is a consultant for the new series Lie to me, believes that individuals have the gift of understanding mikrovyrazheny, while others do not even notice. But he also believes that anyone can learn to notice and to determine the value mikrovyrazheny. When mikrovyrazheny understanding can be helpful? Therapist, for example, the ability to read hidden emotions will help in its work. People often hide feelings behind the words. Some mikrovyrazheniya help detect lies. This can be useful when applying for a job in the game of poker, where you can specify that your opponents are bluffing.

Children Education

For reasons several, the nuclear family father, mother, children each time if dissolves more quickly, or not even it arrives to consist, being substituted for the monoparental families and the unions of fact. The nuclear families, who still remain themselves complete and coesas, comungando objectivos common of security, afectividade, feeding, kinship, solidarity and loving union, in turn, many of them, enough are not prepared to give a compatible education with the change that if praises. Equally if she must consider, still, the exercise of the authority in the seio of the family, which also will have been sufficiently weakened, not in such a way for the allotment of tasks between the spouses, more because the occupation of the parents and people in charge of education compel them the long absences before the children, perhaps looking for, later, to compensate them with a set of easinesses and objectos of the taste of the children, reducing, much, even for a moral question, the imposition of determined values, principles and rules, what it harms the exercise of the authority. The change of certain educational paradigms, must not only be a objectivo of all the responsible ones for the education and of the school and the family, even so if it recognizes second that in the current situation, characterized for a certain positivista mentality excessively, relegating for plain other dimensions and values, not to be easy to the families and the society, because also, of some form, already the effective paradigms interiorizaram, not being guaranteed that if it obtains to modify mentalities, already crystallized well, exactly to the level of the school, the humanistic areas, not to be developed enough, mainly in the schools technician-professionals. The alleged infalibilidade of science and the technique; so divulged insubstituabilidade of these domnios; a certain preconception of reinante superiority in some communities, makes it difficult the urgent interdisciplinaridade between abstractos science, technique, knowledge, subjectividade of analyses and position, when, in good truth, it does not seem to exist incompatibility between those domnios. .

The Deaf

The deaf people are considered sick rehabilitated and the pedagogical attempts are practical reabilitrias derived from the medical diagnosis whose only end is the ortopedia of fala' '. In such a way, in the medical vision, the deaf person is one ' ' citizen deficiente' ' that it needs to be corrected from the hearing lack. This way to think rees-echo, negative, in all the aspects of its lives. However, some authors have defended the deafness in another perspective in a boarding partner-antropolgica and in this context they emphasize the different existence of a deaf culture permeada by behaviors, values, attitudes, social practical styles cognitivos and of the culture listener. From the vision partner-antropolgica, it is basic to be intent to the implications of the deaf culture in the life in the people with deafness. The deaf person is inserted in two communities the deaf community and of listeners. As much the deaf community how much the listener has its culture and, therefore, a proposal educational for deaf people has that to consider the two cultures, thus it must be bilingual, and ' ' bicultural' '.

This is, must favor the natural access of the deaf person to the two languages – the language of signals and of the country where deaf person is inserted, and to propitiate the access of the deaf person to the deaf community, making with that it if recognizes as integrant part of this community and participates, still, in the community listener. The culture of the deaf person is represented mainly by the language of signals that has propitiated the communication between the deaf people. The history of the deaf ones shows the necessity that has to remain joined, to construct a proper identity while group. The culture of the deaf people, thus understood, if discloses in the cognitivos behavior, values, attitudes, social practical styles and.

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