Posts tagged: culture

Contract Landscape

It was at this time was the popular idea of "natural man, living in natural conditions, and slogan of "Social Contract" by Jean Jacques Rousseau – "Back to Nature!" found active supporters among the owners of large and small estates. According to some researchers, a landscape style came to Europe from the eastern countries, particularly from China and Japan with their worship of the beauty of nature and firm conviction that harmony can be achieved with an asymmetric arrangement of objects on the site. But to assert such would not be quite correct, as familiarity with the traditions of the East, held by traveling to China in the second half of the XIII century, the famous explorer Marco Polo, did not prevent the formation and on a victory march European states regular style of landscape art. Only at the beginning of XX century Eastern traditions, based on a deep symbolism, conciseness and apparent simplicity, have entered into the architecture and landscape design in Europe. Thus, a landscape style was the result of historical development of society and not the result of blind imitation of oriental traditions. Europeans borrowed only the outside of the eastern landscape design: staged in parks and gardens, pavilions, pagodas and pavilions in mostochki Chinese spirit, the same ideas of Oriental sages, based on the philosophical and religious world view, remained alien to Europeans. The most famous representatives of a new trend in gardening began, William Kent, Lancelot Brown and Humphrey Repton. Created by Kent concept plan garden is built on the notion that nature is not peculiar to direct line.

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