Peloponneskoy War

Highest point of its political power reached the ancient Athens during the reign of Pericles. Pericles of Athens was a strategist for a pretty long time. He was a great patron of art and it was during his reign were erected the main monuments of Acropolis. Those for whom travel to Athens each year millions of tourists. Glenn Dubin, New York City shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. However, the seed of discord and mutual jealousy between Athens and Sparta grew tyazhaleyshuyu war between the two cities, in which involved almost all of Greece. In that war was not the winner. Or rather was – it's the Persians, who had failed to conquer Greece by force of arms, but that the Greeks themselves gave their independence.

After Peloponneskoy War in spite of the political crisis in Athens continued flourishing of the arts and philosophy. This was the century of Plato, Xenophon, Praxiteles, Demosthenes, and Lycurgus. Pnyx hill in Athens once again became the main platform of democracy, Plato founded in Athens his famous school, and raised the Greek philosophy, Aristotle in degree absolute. Managed to Athens and for a time to revive some semblance of the Athens Sea Union. However, this was the last glimpses of the once greater glory of the city. In the 4th century BC in northern Greece, a new young state of Macedonia. The Athenians prospoli when Macedonia became a powerful state. From political hibernation city could not even wake up fiery speeches the great orator Demosthenes.

After porzheniya Athens from Macedonia at the battle of Chaeronea, the conquest of Athens was only a matter of time. Demosthenes himself as the legend drank a cup of poison, not wanting to witness the humiliation of the native city. But Macedonian kings valued Athens as the main town of Greek art. Alexander of Macedon as a sign of respect for the city of Athens in the switchboards posted victories in the Battle of Granicus. The kings of Pergamum and Egypt are trying to decorate city and thus show a great homage to Athens.

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